In the Shadow of a Stegosaur


June 24, 2021
504 Views

Have you been to the HMNS at Sugar Land campus lately and seen our new Stegosaur? Her name is “Stella” – she’s about 150 million years old and joins us from the Jurassic period. When you do get a chance to visit her, here’s a thought you might ponder: what was it like to be a mammal in its shadow?

Stegosaurus fossil on display
Stella the Stegosaur on display at HMNS at Sugar Land

Often, when we think of the Jurassic, we find ourselves captivated by the more prominent species that flourished then. We tend to forget that there were quite a few mammals that existed at the same time. In fact, in the late Jurassic Era, mammals were undergoing a rapid diversification that continued all the way to the end of the Mesozoic Era and beyond.

Introducing Fruitafossor

One such mammal that shared the home of the Stegosaur is the Fruitafossor (Fruitafossor windscheffeli), an insectivore about the size of a chipmunk, with teeth and diet very similar to an armadillo or an echidna. Dentition was simple in that the molars were tubular in shape, single-rooted, and open-ended. The teeth also lacked enamel, very common in today’s insectivores, which means that the teeth were often replaced.

Its backbone was rigid and fortified to give Fruitafossor the muscular power of a proficient digger. These limbs, with strong claws, enabled the Fruitafossor to quickly break down a termite hill or dig out a hole when escaping a predator. It had a small head, a long tail, and, because it was a mammal, was covered in fur. In essence, it looked like a mole but ate like an aardvark.

It was discovered on March 31, 2005, within the city limits of the town of Fruita, Colorado in the United States by Wally Windscheffeli, an associate with the Carnegie Museum. The suffix of “-fossor” relates to the group of animals that dig for food and shelter.

What makes Fruitafossor so different?

It appears to be the only Jurassic mammal to have established its own dietary niche. There are no modern relatives to Fruitafossor and, so far, fossil remains indicate that it is only a prototype to what would become known as therian, or live-bearing, animals.

Illustration of a Fruitafossor
Fruitafossor illustration. Credit: © N. Tamura

So, like the Stegosaur, the Fruitafossor stands out as a unique inhabitant of a long ago world. Perhaps while you’re visiting Stella, it would be fun to imagine how a scene with the two animals would take place.

Would Fruitafossor dash about underfoot, teasing the plated dinosaur? Would the Stegosaur be frightened? Or would it just step over and lay claim to that delectable vegetation on the other side of the field? Would the little mouse-like Fruitifossor discover a new termite mound and munch away while behemoths slowly trundle by, secure in the knowledge that, even in the Jurassic world, not every inhabitant needed to be big to be special?

Stop by and say hello to the latest addition of our Sugar Land family.

Plan your visit today.

Need more? Check out these sources:

https://www.visitgrandjunction.com/fruita-paleontological-area

https://prehistoric-fauna.com/Fruitafossor

https://ancient-animals.fandom.com/wiki/Fruitafossor

Science Magazine, 01 April 2005, Vol 308, Issue 5718, pp. 103-107 “A Late Jurassic Digging Mammal and Early Mammalian Diversification” by Zhe-Xi Luo and John R. Wible, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania 15213, USA

Authored By Sharon Ferguson

Sharon Ferguson has had a life-time love of all things rocks, history, archaeology, paleontology and science, Childhood summers were spent traveling to sites all over the United States, which inspired her to obtain her Bachelors in anthropology at Texas State University. She lives in Richmond where she enjoys gardening and pursuing a career in Geographical Information Services.

One response to “In the Shadow of a Stegosaur”

  1. Joan Stanley says:

    Nice piece!
    Ive never heard of a Fruitafossor. But, then, there are probably hundreds i haven’t heard of.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Become An HMNS Member

With a membership level for everyone; Don't just read about it, see it.

View All Membership Levels

Editor's Picks The Real Moon Hoax That You Haven’t Heard Of Is Darwin relevant today? Oh The Hermannity! The Story of Houston’s Most Beautiful Green Space A Few Member Benefits Most HMNS Members Don’t Know About What The Loss Of The Museu Nacional in Rio de Janeiro’s Collections Means To The World What Is The Deal With Brontosaurus?!
Follow And Subscribe

Equally Interesting Posts




HMNS at Hermann Park

5555 Hermann Park Dr.
Houston,Texas 77030
(713) 639-4629


Get Directions Offering varies by location
HMNS at Sugar Land

13016 University Blvd.
Sugar Land, Texas 77479
(281) 313-2277


Get Directions Offering varies by location
George Observatory

21901 FM 762 Rd.
Needville, Texas 77461
(281) 242-3055


Get Directions Offering varies by location

Stay in the know. Join our mailing list.