You Can Thank Science for Helping You Cook an Awesome Thanksgiving Dinner

Loosen your belts boys and girls, because we are approaching Thanksgiving, the day where diets and portion control cease to exist. To make things a bit easier for you, I have compiled some tips on how to make your Thanksgiving dinner a winner. And how do we do this? With science of course!

Turkey
friends animated GIF

When it comes to cooking turkey, the star of your Thanksgiving dinner, you have to make sure your bird comes out moist, tender, and flavorful. First thing to know is the cooking style and time depends on the parts of the turkey you are cooking. If you are going Ren-Fest style and just serving up turkey legs, a longer cooking time at a low temperature would be better to allow the tissue to break down slowly. However, if you are just serving up a turkey breast, it can be cooked at a higher temperature for a shorter period of time since there is not as much tissue as is in the legs.

Now I am going to assume that you are a Thanksgiving champion and are cooking the whole turkey. Here’s what you should do to make a winner winner turkey dinner:

  • As mentioned above, the breast and legs have different cooking times, however if you are cooking the whole turkey, this isn’t really an option. However, there is a way you can help differentiate the cooking times before putting your turkey in the oven. “Take the bird out ahead of time and let the legs warm up a little bit while you keep the breasts covered with ice packs. That way, you keep the breasts cold. The legs warm up by maybe 10, 20 degrees, and that way, when you put the bird in the oven, you’ve already built in a temperature differential. The breasts are going to end up, at a given time, less-cooked than the legs.“ – NPR- “Delicious Turkey Tips From Food Scientists
  • We have all had that dry, chewy turkey before, and I don’t know about you, but I would rather not repeat that experience. To help your turkey maintain its moist deliciousness, soak your bird in a saltwater solution prior to cooking–aka brining. Brining helps loosen the structure of the muscle fibers and increases the turkey’s water weight, these steps combined result in tender and juicy meat. Check out Butterball’s brining guide to find the correct brining time for your turkey.
  • If you are roasting the turkey, cook it on an elevated rack a few inches off the bottom of the pan to allow the heat to circulate evenly around the turkey. If your turkey is resting on the pan, the heat will not be able to fully circulate resulting in an unevenly cooked bird.
  • Have ever cut your turkey (or steak, too) while it is hot and seen the juicy deliciousness seeping out? Well, sorry my friend, but you are watching the flavor leave your meat. When your meat is still hot, the juices are still flowing and have not rested into the fibers yet. Therefore, you should allow your turkey to rest prior to carving. The rest time depends on the size of your turkey and can be anywhere from 5-20 minutes. Letting your bird rest will also make for easier carving.

Sides

  • Green beans
    funny animated GIF
    Blanching green beans brings out their vibrant green color, but you may have noticed that their color dulls over time. This is “a result of the chlorophyll molecules losing their magnesium ions in the heat.” To stop this, shock the beans with an ice bath immediately after they finish cooking.
  • Pie 
    the office animated GIF
    Who knew the secret to a flaky, yet easy to work with crust was vodka? When rolling out pie dough, water is often added to form a more cohesive crust that is easier to place into the pan. This is fine up to a certain point. Adding too much water will activate the gluten development causing the dough to lose its flakiness. However, vodka will add the extra moisture you need without activating the gluten development. (Don’t worry your pie crust won’t taste like vodka.) Source – Live Science
  • Stuffing
    television animated GIF  
    While cooking stuffing in the turkey is tradition, you may want to rethink that. Most stuffing mixes contain eggs which need to be brought up to a temperature of 165 degrees Fahrenheit in order to kill the bacteria. In order for the stuffing temperature to reach 165 degrees Fahrenheit, you risk overcooking the turkey and drying out the meat – not cool. Instead cook the stuffing on its own and serve it on the side or add it to your turkey platter after the turkey has been cooked.
  • Rolls
    bread animated GIF

    Rolls are one of the best parts of Thanksgiving in my opinion, but making it is not. If you’ve had homemade rolls you know there is nothing that you can get out of a box, carton, or frozen package that compares to the delicious fluffiness of homemade rolls. No one has the time, especially on Thanksgiving, to endlessly knead bread. Unfortunately, kneading is a necessary step in the break making process to “break down existing bonds and form stronger, straighter gluten sheets.” However, you can save your hands five minutes of kneading thanks to autolyse – i.e. let the dough rest before kneading (about 20 minutes). The resting time allows for the existing bonds to break down on their own. 

    Now get ready Thanksgiving, because we are coming for you!
    friends animated GIF

Four Ways to give your kid a great birthday at HMNS

Planning a great birthday party for your little tyke can be daunting to say the least, that’s why we’re here — to make sure your kid AND their friends AND you can have a great time at their birthday party!

To top it off we’re running a special of $50 off all remaining 2014 parties* at both of our locations** (including Deluxe Packages!) booked between September 1st-15th, 2014! Don’t miss out!

“What’s a Deluxe Package?” you ask, why it’s only the best way to celebrate in the museum. Here are the four Deluxe Package options:

1. PARTYSAURUS

Party among prehistoric beasts in HMNS’ expansive new Hall of Paleontology and enjoy a spectacular view from above. Click here for more information.

Success Kid Meme - Dinosaur Birthday Party

2. WINGED WONDERLAND

The Cockrell Butterfly Center provides a stunning backdrop for the ultimate butterfly or insect fan! Click here for more information.

Success Kid Meme - Butterfly Birthday Party

3. GALACTIC GATHERING

You and your guests will enjoy an out of this world party in the Arnold Space HallClick here for more information.

Success Kid Meme- Space Birthday Party

4. HALL OF ANCIENT EGYPT

Kids will walk like an Egyptian after exploring the Hall of Ancient Egypt in this Deluxe party! Click here for more information.

Success Kid Meme - Egypt Birthday Party

 

BONUS ADD-ON: SHARK! EXHIBIT PRIVATE TOUR

For a limited time, you can add a private SHARK! exhibit tour (complete with shark touch tank) to any HMNS birthday package!

Success Kid Meme - Shark Birthday Party

 

With all of these great options it’s no wonder why parents and kids alike love HMNS Birthday Parties! Book your 2014 party by September 15 and receive $50 off! Email Birthdays@HMNS.org or call 713-639-4646 to reserve yours today.

 

*To receive the $50 discount, your party must take place in 2014 and must be booked by September 15, 2014
**Some birthday party options are not be available at the HMNS Sugar Land location, please contact one of our Party Planners for more information at Birthdays@HMNS.org or 713-639-4646

STEM & GEMS: Chemical Engineer Stevie Showalter Talks Nerdy To Us

Editor’s Note: As part of our annual GEMS (Girls Exploring Math and Science) program, we conduct interviews with women who have pursued careers in science, technology, engineering, or math. This week, we’re featuring Stevie Showalter, ALLEX Program Participant for Air Liquide.

Nerd Alert

HMNS: How old were you when you first become interested in science/technology/engineering and/or math?
Showalter:
It was literally second grade when I first learned the word chemistry. Then I was hooked. I wanted to be a chemist until high school when my parents and teachers swayed me to chemical engineering.

HMNS: Was there a specific person or event that inspired you when you were younger?
Showalter:
I had two really awesome chemistry/science teachers and two really awesome math teachers that pushed me to do my best and learn as much as I could.

HMNS: What was your favorite project when you were in school?
Showalter:
I always LOVED science fair season! I didn’t do it in high school because it wasn’t offered, but in 8th grade I advanced to the regional level with my project. My project was the efficiencies of different light bulbs (incandescent, fluorescent, black light) by measuring the temperature they gave off.

HMNS: What is your current job? How does this relate to science/technology/engineering/math?
Showalter:
Currently I work as an engineer for Air Liquide in their rotational training program. My last rotation I worked at a primary production plant making liquid and gaseous nitrogen, oxygen, and argon by separating those elements from the air through cryogenic distillation. My rotation now is all about maintenance and reliability. I currently evaluate all the ‘mini’ plants (I guess you could say) that we have at customer sites to see how we can increase their productivity.

HMNS: What’s the best part of your job?
Showalter:
The fact that our product reaches soooooo many people. You may not know it, but our carbon dioxide is in Pepsi and Coke. Our oxygen is the supply at many hospitals. Our nitrogen helps make different products like tires, rubber, car seats, and so many other things!

HMNS: What do you like to do in your spare time?
Showalter:
Read, go on bike rides, try new things and travel!

HMNS: What advice would you give to girls interested in pursuing a STEM career?
Showalter:
Just keep going! It’s fun and exciting and so satisfying to see your math and science in action!

HMNS: Why do you think it’s important for girls to have access to an event like GEMS?
Showalter:
To encourage them to pursue their geeky interests! It’s ok to be a nerd sometimes! Nerds and geeks run the world! (It’s ok that I say this, because I’m quite a nerd/geek)

 

Sharing The Love: HMNS Outreach fan mail shows kids and teachers agree, hands-on science is FUNdamental

Editor’s Note: This post was written by HMNS Outreach Presenter Sahil Patel.

Even with a brand new school year just around the corner, students, teachers, and parents alike are still raving about last year’s HMNS Outreach programs. During the 2013-14 school calendar, HMNS Outreach conducted about 500 presentations, helping foster a love of learning and science in thousands of children. But you don’t have to take our word for it; check out these comments, pictures and thank you notes, all from satisfied customers from around the Houston area and beyond!

Outreach IMG 06

The cards, letters, comments, and notes posted below were sent to the Museum following Outreach presentations:


Our ever-popular Outreach programs have gotten some fantastic thank you cards over the years, featuring adorable artwork like the Triceratops below.

Outreach IMG 01


Our programs get kids on the edge of their seats in excitement! It isn’t often real prehistoric fossils come to school…

Outreach IMG 02

“My students thought the fossils were cool. I have one student that is a dinosaur “nut” and he was so excited!” wrote a teacher following a Chevron Earth Science on Wheels program. From dinosaur fossils to shark teeth, this program has something of interest for everybody.

 

…and the requests to return are endless once we leave!

Outreach IMG 03

 

HMNS Outreach Programs have been fostering a love of science in children for years…

Outreach IMG 04“All of our students, parents, faculty and staff were highly impressed and appreciative to the docents’ time, knowledge and friendliness” wrote a supervisor following a Docents To Go program. Extensively trained Museum volunteers present on any of eight different topics in our lowest-price Outreach program. 


…for kids of all ages and backgrounds from all over Southeast Texas…

Outreach IMG 05

“I enjoyed the fact that our students were able to see and ‘pet’ the insects. Also, the presenter introduced, treated and spoke about the insects like they were her own pets. She has deep passion for her work and it showed!” wrote a teacher about LyondellBasell Bugs On Wheels. Staff from the renowned Cockrell Butterfly Center will present bugs of all kinds, shapes, and sizes in a program sure to please even the entomophobic!

 

…leading to even the most unlikely of friendships!

Outreach IMG 06

 

It’s great when kids think we’re super smart…

Outreach IMG 07

 

…because that tells us they learned something.

Outreach IMG 08 

While we love hearing that kids enjoyed our programs…

Outreach IMG 09

“The response was very enthusiastic. Numerous parents commented that they appreciated having the opportunity to let their children experience something that was both educational and fun,” a teacher wrote about Discovery Dome. The Museum’s most popular outreach program takes viewers on a voyage to outer space, a trip back in time, and more, with shows appealing for all ages.

 

…we are just as happy to hear that the students enjoyed being taught…

Outreach IMG 10

“I have so many favorites from this presentation! Honestly, I think my teachers and I learned along with the students with this one!” wrote one teacher about our ConocoPhillips Science On Stage show. 2012 Educator of the Year Carolyn Leap leads the way as children and adults alike explore topics in chemistry and physics.

 

…and even happier to hear that it has spawned a love of science and learning!

Outreach IMG 11

“Please have more programs like this one coming to school. It’s always fascinating for children to see live animals and not just pictures!” wrote a parent to a teacher following a TOTAL Wildlife On Wheels program. From salamanders and snakes to alligators and ferrets, kids get an up close and personal encounter with some of the museum’s exotic animals.

 

Inspiring children to consider STEM careers? We love that, too.

Outreach IMG 12

 

And it’s always nice to know the teachers are pleased with us as well.

Outreach IMG 13

“Love them all…you are a standard every year” another teacher wrote. Over 550 programs have already been booked for 2014, and spaces for 2015 and 2016 are already being filled!

 

The feelings are mutual. Our presenters love teaching and working with kids, and cards like these are why we love our jobs.

 Outreach IMG 14

All of the Outreach programs featured above are bookable for visits; we like to say we’re bringing the Museum to you. Bookings are already underway for the 2014-2015 school year, and programs are filling fast, so get in on the action today! For more information, please visit our HMNS Outreach website or send us an email at outreach@hmns.org!

About the author of this post:
Sahil has worked for HMNS in some capacity each summer since 2007 with the Moran Ecoteen Program and Xplorations Summer Camps. He quite literally grew up at the Museum; Sahil and his mom made biweekly trips at lunchtime until he started school at age 5, and he was a regular camper in Xplorations from ages 6-13. In 2014, he was hired full-time as Outreach Presenter, a job where his friends think he spends all day playing with alligators, tarantulas, and dinosaur fossils. He doesn’t like to contradict them.