Dead Man’s Party – Dia de los Muertos

Dia de los Muertos artwork by one of our hmns bloggers!

Halloween is this Saturday and everyone is scrambling to put together their costumes and figuring out what parties to go to Friday and Saturday. But what are your plans for Dia de los Muertos on November 2nd!?

The education department here at HMNS offered an encore event to last year’s very popular Dia de los Muertos Educator Overnight and teachers came from all over the greater Houston area to learn about this incredible holiday and how to do some activities with their own students so that they may learn more about the culture. If you want to learn how to make sugar skulls check out this guide online – it has some great tips on how to make some incredible shaped sugar treasures!

Above you’ll see an artwork that references La Calavera Catrina, an etching done by Mexican printmaker Jose Guadelupe Posada in 1913. La Catrina and some of Posada’s other artwork is reproduced and can be seen around town available on book bags, t-shirts and in jewelry – especially around Dia de los Muertos. This piece pictured here is composed completely out of dyed eggshells by one of our very own hmns bloggers!

Below are some of the fun hands on activities and projects the teachers did at the Overnight this year and don’t worry – we’re already thinking up some cool ideas for “Dia de los Muertos II – the Overnight Sequel for Educators” – next October! Drop me a line if you want to receive notice when we start accepting registrations for this Overnight in 2010 – overnights@hmns.org.

Decorating sugar skulls
Decorating sugar skulls
Calacas puppet in progress
Calacas puppet in progress
Cigar box altar
Cigar box altar
This tiny clay skull is perfect for a tiny cigar box altar table!
This tiny clay skull
is perfect for a tiny cigar box altar table!
Completed sugar skulls!
Completed sugar skulls!

Teachers Cutting Up in the Classroom?

Life is beginning to get “back to normal” in the basement of the Museum post-Ike.   I’ve missed listening to the constant hum of children in our hallways - it really seemed like a different place without them.  I’m enjoying listening to the school groups right now, buzzing outside my door as I peruse the great photographs we took at our Exxon Mobil Teacher Workshop last night and write my blog.

The teacher training we had last night was awesome!  We were lucky to have a super-fun group of teachers.  They discovered how dissection is not just for “big kids” anymore.  We had teachers that teach pre-k and teachers that teach high school, and everyone left with great hands-on experiences and ideas for their classrooms.

The fun began by learning the anatomical terms you need to know for dissection.  Check out how teachers learned these tiresome terms in an amazingly fun way!  What a better way to excite your students than letting them bring a stuffed animal from home to label with fancy science terms?  Do you know where your posterior is?  I’ll give you a hint, I bet your sitting on it right now!

Then came the pickles.  Say what?  Yes, pickles.  Teachers practiced using dissection tools such as scissors, scalpels, tweezers, and probes, as they dissected a jumbo pickle.  Look at what a rockin’ job this teacher is doing with this pickle.  Don’t laugh, I bet you can’t find the dorsal side of a pickle!   

Did you know you can dissect a flower?  All you need is a flower and your bare hands.  Check out the flower parts this teacher is finding.  Do you know a petal from a pistil? 

Then things really got juicy, no, really, they did.  Squids for everyone!  Teachers got their own squid to dissect as Nicole Temple (Director of Youth Education) dissected a larger fresh squid from the Asian Market.  The teachers in this picture look very engaged.  Hey, check out the size of the chromatophores on this squid!

The teachers finished up the night by quickly dissecting an egg.  These smart teachers now know their albumen from their chalazae.  Can you say the same for yourself?

Dimetrodon sighting

In search of it’s next meal, a very rare young Dimetrodon stumbles upon a group of working paleontologists…surprised, its fin stands straight up in a threat display, and it’s front two killing fangs are poised for action…

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Juuuuuust kidding.
They’re really much bigger than that.

Luckily for our paleontologists, I’m just kidding – this is not a creature you would ever want to run into alive. They were the top predator of their time, about the size of a Bengal tiger when they were full-grown – and just as mean. On the other hand, they lived about 290 million years ago, and show evidence of being early ancestors of mammals – like you and me. So it might have been pretty cool to see one alive – at least for the few seconds you had left.

Led by Dr. Bakker, the paleontology team has been searching for Dimetrodon in North Texas for over two years now – and they’ve made some fascinating finds. For the last week, they’ve been running their annual Paleontology Field School for educators. During this program, science teachers learn to dig for fossils, and then take what they’ve learned about geology, paleontology, biology, anatomy and more back to their students.

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A tiny Dimetrodon vertebrae found at the site the team
is working on in the background.

More than just digging up bones, the team is working to unravel the entire ecosystem of the Permian period, as expressed in the Red Beds of North Texas – the best beds for fossils of this era, in the world. It’s extremely slow work – once a fossil has been found, no matter how tiny (and some are almost ridiculously miniscule), it must be logged, mapped into place (this information is used for futher study, back in the lab), and then removed for preservation.

Significant, larger finds are jacketed first, with plaster, to be excavated further back the museum in Houston or in the Paleo Prep Lab at The Woodlands Xploration Station.

mapping

Carol, a teacher from the Houston area, assists in
mapping a site, using a Sharpie to trace their shape
on a thin sheet of plastic. Later, the maps will be
scanned into the computer for analysis.

Once they are digitized, the maps will help reconstruct the death events that took place – was this fossil a part of one individual – or another entirely? Was this Dimetrodon tooth shed in the act of eating a Xenacanth shark? – which will contribute to a better understanding of how these animals related to one another.

Dimetrodon fang

This is a great find – a huge Dimetrodon fang, one of the largest Dr. Bakker has ever seen. This photo shows what a fossil from this area looks like when you uncover it; now, it must be mapped in place before being removed from the site and packaged up and stabilized for the trip back to Houston.

Excavated

Once it has been excavated, you can see the same fossil fang a bit more clearly. If you look closely, you can see that the serrated edge of the tooth is preserved and still visible – almost 300 million years after this Dimetrodon died.

collared lizard

The wildlife around Seymour is surprising – jackrabbits,
roadrunners (meep, meep!) and much more. This
collared lizard energed from its burrow under a rock to
circle the site, vigorously bobbing it’s head at us (which
is how it says “Back off! This is my turf.”) – which seems
comical until you realize how hard they bite.

They’re still working out at the site; over the weekend, they discovered a new Dimetrodon skull, a fully articulated Diadectes hand (which is rare, because hands and feet are normally the first part of the body to be eaten or wash away) and a Dimetrodon scapula and humerus in perfect condition, and still attached. We hope to have photos for you soon. In the meantime, a new group of teachers joins the team today – who knows what is yet to be discovered?

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The thrill of discovery
comes with a price.