Jupiter leaves the evening sky this month. For now, you can still observe it in the west at dusk, where it sets by 8:25 on March 1. It outshines all stars in the sky, so it’s easy to find. Face west at dusk and look for the brightest thing there. However, Jupiter is getting a little lower in the sky each evening. You should be able to follow it until about the middle of the month. By month’s end, Jupiter is lost in the sun’s glare. On April 6, it is directly behind the sun from our perspective.
Mercury emerges from behind the sun this month and appears beside Jupiter before Jupiter fades from view. On March 15, Mercury is about two degrees to the right of Jupiter as they both set in twilight. As Jupiter becomes lost in the sun’s glare, Mercury remains visible low in the west at dusk for the rest of the month.
Venus remains a dazzling morning star. It is getting lower in the sky as the angle between the solar system plane and the horizon gets shallower. Face southeast at dawn, and you can’t miss it.
Saturn is in the southwest at dawn, getting lower in the southwest by month’s end. This is because at the end of the month, Earth is about to pass between the sun and Saturn. This alignment, called opposition, puts Saturn in the sky all night long; it rises in the east at dusk and sets in the west at dawn (the precise opposition date is April 3). As a result, Saturn is also an evening object, rising in the east by 9:00 p.m. on March 1 and by dusk on the 31.
Mars, just past conjunction with the sun, remains lost in the sun’s glare all month.
A swath of brilliant winter stars continues to dominate evening skies. These stars are now due south at dusk, but shift to the southwest later in the evening. Orion, the Hunter, is almost due south. His two dogs, represented by Sirius and Procyon, are to his left. Above Orion is Taurus, the Bull with Aldebaran as its eye. Gemini, the Twins, are to Orion’s upper left. Leo, the Lion, rises in the east. The Big Dipper has now fully re-entered the evening sky; it is to the right of the North Star with the handle pointing down.
Below Sirius, just above the southern horizon, is a star second only to Sirius in brightness. This is Canopus, which marks the keel (bottom) of the legendary ship Argo Navis. Canopus is so far south, in fact, that most Americans never see it. From the Gulf Coast, however, Canopus does rise. March and March are the best months to see it in the evening.
Moon Phases in March 2011:
New Moon March 4, 2:46 p.m.
1st Quarter March 12, 5:45 p.m.
Full Moon March 19, 1:10 p.m.
Last Quarter March 26, 7:07 a.m.
At 6:21 p.m. CDT on Sunday, March 20, the sun is overhead at the Earth’s equator, giving everyone in the world the same amount of daylight. This, then is the vernal equinox, the ‘official’ start of spring. For us, days have been lengthening since December 21; by now daytime is almost as long as the night. After March 20, daytime is longer than night for us. For many people, however, wintry weather continues so long as arctic air masses remain in motion across North America, Europe, and Asia.
People in the Southern Hemisphere had their longest days back in December; their days have since shortened to be about equal to the night. After March 20, night is longer than day down there, so this is their autumnal (fall) equinox.
Sunday, March 13, is the second Sunday in March. Therefore, Daylight Saving Time begins at 2 that morning (1:59:59 is followed by 3:00:00). Don’t forget to set your clocks forward one hour on Saturday night, March 12!