Sky Happenings In March, 2018

March 3, 2018

This star map shows the Houston sky at 9 pm CST on March 1, 9 pm CDT on March 15, and dusk on March 31. To use the map, put the direction you are facing at the bottom.

Brilliant winter stars shift towards the southwest during March.  Dazzling Orion is almost due south at dusk.  His three-starred belt is halfway between reddish Betelgeuse and bluish Rigel.  Orion’s belt points up to Aldebaran in Taurus the Bull.  To Orion’s upper left are the twin stars Castor and Pollux, marking the heads of Gemini, the Twins.  You can find Sirius, the brightest star we ever see at night, by drawing a line from Orion’s belt towards the horizon.   To Orion’s left, about level with Betelgeuse, is Procyon, the Little Dog Star. 

From Sirius, look a little bit to the right and then straight down to the horizon.  If your southern horizon is clear of clouds and tall earthly obstacles, you’ll see Canopus, the second brightest star ever visible at night.  This star is so far south that most Americans never see it and many star maps made in the USA omit it.  (You must be south of 37 degrees north—the latitude of the USA’s Four Corners—for Canopus to rise).  As you view Canopus, keep in mind that the sky we see depends on our latitude as well as on time of year and time of night.

Joining the winter stars are stars of spring rising in the east.  Look for Leo, the Lion at dusk.  Later in the evening, extend the Big Dipper’s handle to ‘Arc to Arcturus’ and then ‘speed on to Spica’; these stars rise at about 10:00 in early March but by 9pm on the 31st.

Artist’s concept of a protoplanetary disk, where particles of dust and grit collide and accrete forming planets or asteroids. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Venus slowly emerges into the evening sky this month.  Look low to the horizon, over the point of sunset, to see when you first notice Venus.  Venus outshines everything in the sky but the Sun and Moon, so you can look for it even in twilight.  Early in March, look for Mercury to the upper right of Venus. Mercury,  however, returns towards the Sun’s glare after Spring Break.  By March 31, Venus sets about 1.5 hours after the Sun.  Venus remains the evening star all spring and summer. 

Jupiter is due south at dawn; it outshines all the stars we ever see at night.

Mars is in the south-southeast at dawn.   It brightens a little each morning as moves away from Jupiter and towards Saturn.  Mars closes to within 1.5 degrees of Saturn by March 31; closest approach is on April 2.

Saturn is in the southeast at dawn this month.  

Moon Phases in March 2018

Full                               Mar. 1, 6:51 p.m.; Mar. 31, 7:37 a.m.              Last Quarter                  Mar. 9, 5:20 a.m.

New                              Mar. 17, 8:12 a.m.                                             1st Quarter                    Mar. 24, 10:35 a.m.

Sunday, March 11, is the second Sunday of March.  Accordingly, Daylight Saving Time begins at 2:00 am on this date.  (The time jumps from 1:59 am to 3:00, skipping the 2:00 hour).  Don’t forget to set your clocks forward one hour Saturday night, March 10!

At 11:15 am on Tuesday, March 20, 2017, the Sun is directly overhead at the equator, shifting northwards.  Therefore, this is the vernal equinox, often called the first day of spring.  On this day everyone has the same amount of daylight.  After this day, day is longer than night for us in the Northern Hemisphere.  Below the equator, night becomes longer than day after this date, making this the autumnal (fall) equinox for them.

George Observatory is open to the public once again!  Come join us any clear Saturday night.  

Clear Skies!

Authored By James Wooten

James is the Planetarium Astronomer at the Houston Museum of Natural Science. He teaches students every school morning in the planetarium, and also answers astronomy questions from the public.

One response to “Sky Happenings In March, 2018”

  1. Raime says:

    Cool post!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Become An HMNS Member

With a membership level for everyone; Don't just read about it, see it.

View All Membership Levels

Editor's Picks The Real Moon Hoax That You Haven’t Heard Of Is Darwin relevant today? Oh The Hermannity! The Story of Houston’s Most Beautiful Green Space A Few Member Benefits Most HMNS Members Don’t Know About What The Loss Of The Museu Nacional in Rio de Janeiro’s Collections Means To The World What Is The Deal With Brontosaurus?!
Follow And Subscribe

Equally Interesting Posts

HMNS at Hermann Park

5555 Hermann Park Dr.
Houston,Texas 77030
(713) 639-4629

Get Directions Offering varies by location
HMNS at Sugar Land

13016 University Blvd.
Sugar Land, Texas 77479
(281) 313-2277

Get Directions Offering varies by location
George Observatory

21901 FM 762 Rd.
Needville, Texas 77461
(281) 242-3055

Tuesday - Saturday By Reservation
Saturdays 3:00PM - 10:00PM
Saturdays (DST) 3:00PM - 11:00PM
DST = Daylight Savings Time.
Please call for holiday hours. Entry to Brazos Bend State Park ends at 9:30 p.m. daily
Get Directions Offering varies by location

Stay in the know. Join our mailing list.